A definition of web hosting
As its name hints, web hosting is a solution, which involves hosting web content. There are various forms and kinds of web hosting, based on the aims and on the functions. In spite of that, they all refer to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available through the Web. A host is actually a hosting server that is linked to the Web and has its own IP address, which enables people to have access to it through the World Wide Web. The server's architecture and its resources are determined by the kind of hosting service it will be utilized for.
What are the various forms of hosting?
Depending on the mission, the web hosting service may be:
File Storage Web Hosting - this type of hosting permits the clients to host their files on a given web server. With the classic file storage hosting service, the files that are accommodated may only be accessed by the individual that's utilizing the service. This web hosting service generally appertains to backups of personal computers , docs, private files and even other web hosting servers. This service may also include given limitations with regard to the disk space and the root access. There may also be bandwidth quota limitations, but that depends on the given service provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting solution is very similar to the previous hosting service type. However, unlike the file storage web hosting service, the warez web hosting service is used for disseminating proprietary content without being given the green light by the patent holder. To cut a long story short - it refers to the criminal propagation of files and documents. There are lots of ways for this to be carried out, but the two principal approaches are - via simple HTTP downloading and via P2P connections. The first way entails either a particular web site, or, most commonly, simply a directory on a hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thus download proprietary docs free of charge. The second approach involves a P2P connection, using the so-called Torrent web servers, through which people swap files between each other. There are very few website hosting firms that permit that form of hosting on their web hosting servers, mostly because of all the judicial entanglements that it entails. Usually such websites are hosted on personal dedicated web servers that are registered by 3rd party companies either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Hosting - this service is applicable with both shared web page hosting and dedicated servers, depending on the client's intention. If you wish to build your very own private SMTP electronic mail server, then you will require either a VPS server or a dedicated web hosting server that provides the level of access required to perform such a procedure. For regular mail web hosting ends, though, you can use a standard shared web site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain. This is not a service that's very popular, because the site hosting and the mail hosting services are being served by 2 separate web servers, usually belonging to different firms.
Site Hosting - the most widespread and vastly used hosting service at present. It's utilized for hosting website files, whose type is dependent on the Operating System the hosting server is using - Linux or Windows. Different sorts of files require specific web server OSs, otherwise they won't be exhibited correctly on the Internet. This sort of web hosting may involve disk space and web traffic quota limitations, root-level access and central processing unit usage limitations.
Depending on the goals and on the objectives, the client should choose the kind of web server that he demands for his work, and, of course, the webspace hosting company that's going to furnish it. There are several sorts of servers, based on the configuration and the web space hosting services that they offer. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared web server includes a smaller quantity of system resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be utilized for hosting small and medium scale web portals, which do not demand enormous amounts of web storage and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated - they are based on the same principle as the shared hosting servers. However, there are much less users hosted on the same hosting server. Therefore, each of them will have a larger quota of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, storage space, bandwidth and CPU. Excellent for hosting immense web pages that do not require root privileges.
Virtual Private Server - the virtual web servers are ideal for medium scale online portals, which do require root-level access to the web hosting server's config files. Generally, there are a handful of private virtual server web hosting accounts located on the same machine. Nevertheless, each of them is independent from the rest and has its own OS.
Dedicated Servers - a completely dedicated machine configured and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a big quantity of resources. It also gives full server root access, which renders it an excellent platform for any type of site that demands a web site hosting service.
The only question that's left is:
Which hosting company should I select?
As mentioned above, there are very few providers offering warez hosting services because of legal complications. Such web hosts are being closed down virtually every month. Therefore, if you want to create such a service, you should do it on your own personal computer. The shared web page hosting solution is the most widely spread type of web hosting service. Because of that, each and every hosting firm offers it. Not all of them, however, provide services such as virtual private web hosting servers, semi-dedicated web hosting servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small scale webspace hosting firms do not have the resources required for offering those services. Hence it's always best to go with a bigger company that can provide its customers with all the solutions that they require. You can effortlessly recognize such hosts by the kinds of services that they are making available and by the manner in which they introduce them to the customers. For instance, some hosting providers allow you to begin with a small sized web hosting account and then shift to a more powerful one, if you find it mandatory to do so. This is extremely convenient, since you do not have to transfer web sites between hosting servers and there is no danger of facing service disturbances because of all the complications that may appear. Web hosting companies like Central Domain offer all sorts of solutions and possess the necessary web hosting server resources and personnel to guarantee that their clients will not encounter any hassles when swapping services, which is what a top hosting distributor is actually all about.